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ARCHITECTURAL MODELING

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Wednesday, September 22, 2021 at 6:55 AM filed under General postings

The specialists of our team ( https://www.treenitro.com/architectural-design/3d-architectural-modeling-services/) will develop for you architectural models of any complexity - from small private houses to multifunctional centers.

General approach

3D models play an important role in architectural design - they give a quick and accessible view of the designed object. It is extremely rare for an architectural project to be developed without the inclusion of photorealistic representations of the building. Depending on the needs of the Customer, architectural models can be developed as part of one of two options:

  • Development of an architectural project and further development of 3D models (used mainly for private construction - cottages and villas)
  • Development of 3D models according to your architectural drawings (used for large objects, as well as small ones, if you already have project documentation).

In private housing construction, the first option is most popular - when you first need to develop the basic layouts of the house, and then design a 3D model. The second option is found more often at large objects, when the general designer's architectural bureau does not have a professional visualizer on its staff.

 

The main types of architectural 3D modeling

The purpose of the planned model directly affects its complexity, complexity of implementation, and, accordingly, the cost of development.
 

 

Architectural models, according to their purpose, are divided into the following main types:
  • Exterior models (study of the exterior of the building)
  • Interior models (study of the interior layout of the building)
  • Combined models (one-piece modeling with interior and exterior)

Architectural models with a well-developed exterior are more popular due to their relative simplicity and sufficient information content for the Customer or Investor.

 

The complexity of the options under consideration increases from the exterior model to the combined one. So, it takes the least time to develop an exterior model of a private mansion with a careful selection of materials. Whereas for the interior it takes more time both to prepare and to set up and render the scene. Therefore, the most difficult option is the combined design of a 3D model - since it combines both of the above. Because of this, the terms and, accordingly, the cost of developing such models are significantly high. For this reason, such models are not in high demand.

 

Saturation, detail and other requirements for the model

When developing any types of architectural models (exterior, interior, combined), it is worth considering separately the requirements for the model being developed. Such requirements should be negotiated by the Customer initially, at the stage of consideration of the application, since the labor intensity of the work and its cost depend on them.

The main requirements that the customer must define at the initial stage include the following:

  • detailing of the future model - how small details should be worked out;
  • the degree of expansion of the scene - whether to consider the adjacent area, paths, trees, fences, gates, etc.;
  • global time in the scene - taking into account the time of year or time of day when processing a scene;
  • static images or animation - static images require less labor and technical resources, while animation takes more time to prepare and implement, but in the end it all pays off with an impressive video.

The resulting video visualizations of architectural objects can be accompanied by both simple background music and a full-fledged audio track, manually adjusted (sounds of the wind, sounds of nature, plates and insects, sounds of the city and cars). The latter option takes more time during development, so the cost of such video presentations is slightly higher.

 

Textures and realism

Architectural 3D models are designed to create a quick visual representation of a future building or structure.
 

 

Depending on the specific tasks, the following main results can be achieved (visual views of the models):
  • conceptual view (the presentation of the model is usually in gray, less often in red-brown gives general impressions of the projected building, it is permissible to use only bump maps as materials);
  • textured view (representation of the model in design materials in conditions of realistic lighting and shadows);
  • realistic look (representation of a model with completely unique materials - scuffs, scratches, traces of dirt, etc.).

The visual views of the models are presented in ascending order of effectiveness and complexity of execution. Thus, the conceptual view requires less preparation time, therefore it is the most advantageous in terms of time and cost.

In turn, a realistic look takes a significant amount of time to prepare (hand drawing textures and their masks is a painstaking task, therefore it is the most expensive, but also the most impressive option.

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